Little is known about the reproduction of the Philippine pangolin, though it is understood to be similar to that of the Sunda pangolin, with one offspring born after a gestation period of between 3 and 4 months. It is understood that females reach maturity in their first year.
The Philippine pangolin was only recently described as a species distinct from the Sunda pangolin. It has the greatest number of scale rows across its back of all Asian pangolins. It can be distinguished from the Sunda pangolin by its smaller scales and a shorter head and body to tail length ratio.
The Philippine pangolin is endemic to the Philippines, inhabiting four islands including Palawan and Culion. Little is known about its ecology and biology.